All about Islands of Indonesia - Indonesia covers a land mass of 1.9 million km2 and territorial waters nearly four times that size. In total, the country comprises 17.508 islands stretching 5.120 km from east to west and 1.760 km north to south. The population is concentrated on six main islands. Java with an area of 132.188 km2 is home approximately 59 percent of the nation's population, or 122 million people. It is one of the most densely populated areas in the world.
The island of Sumatra, with an area of 475.605 km2, represents some 25 percent of Indonesian's land area and is home to 20.7 percent of the country's population, or 39.2 million people. Bali, Indonesia's fabled island tourist destination, is 5.561 km2 in size but with less than 3 billion people, or 15 percent of the total population. Totalling 539.458 km2, the four provinces in Kalimantan comprise about 28 percent of Indonesia's land area but only 5.3 percent (10 million) of the nation's population. Sulawesi with an area of 189.216 km2 has 10 percent of Indonesia's land territory and 7 percent (13.3 millions) of its population.
Irian Jaya, totalling 421.982 km2 is Indonesia's most eastern province and lies directly west of Papua New Guinea and north of Australia. With 22 percent of nation's land mass, Irian Jaya's 1.8 million inhabitants represent just under one percent of the total population.
Nearly 60 percent of Indonesia's land is forested, and a significant portion is mountainous and volcanis. Some mountain on Sumatra and Irian Jaya exceed 3.000 meters in height. Java alone has 112 volcanoes icluding a number which are still active. Volcanic activity through the age has given the soil in Java and Bali a high degree of fertility, which accounts in part for the concentration of agriculture and people on the two islands. Source : Indonesia Source Book 1994)
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